Shadow

The history of Clophill, Bedfordshire, UK
Including historical descriptions, maps and statistical analysis.

History of the Kilns

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In a Conveyance of 1714 it says "next old Tile kiln within Knives"

On the 1716 enclosure map there is a field called Nives.

1716 map

On the aerial photo graph the field boundary is still visible.

Move your mouse pointer over the map to see an overlay.

Next to Nives is an old clay pit, now filled in and covered with trees, which could have supplied the material for the bricks and tiles.

nives
nives

1719 Estate Map

Brick Kiln Close

Brick Kiln Close

The 1719 Wrest Park estate map shows Tile Kiln Close to the north of what is now Old Kiln Lane. And the terrier shows that the tenant was John Day.

John Day

John Day

Here it is superimposed on a modern map. The boundary on the west side still exists.

Tile Kiln Close

Tile Kiln Close

Possible quarry

If you are passing 6 Old Kiln Lane look at the high level of the ground to the north and the steep drop into the garden.

My garden

The cross-section shows how the profile has been changed by the removal of soil. This was probably a quarry to extract soil for brickmaking as there is some overlying clay in the field behind. It was probably excavated until the Greensand was reached.

Section

Findings

Fragments

A lot of tile fragments have been found in the circled area.

Fragments

Conclusion

It looks like there was a tile kiln somewhere in the south west corner of "Tile Kiln Close", which is behind 6 Old Kiln Lane, and the clay was extracted from what is now the curtilage of 6 Old Kiln Lane.


1826 Inclosure map

The 1826 Inclosure map shows two areas named "Tile Kiln Field"

Why such a large area should be called this is unclear.

In a field (which is now Kiln Farm) are the outlines of what look like long narrow buildings.

Buildings

Buildings

1826 map

The OS map shows the same area north of Old Kiln Lane

Move your mouse pointer over the map to see an overlay.

Most of the field boundaries still exist.

Buildings from 1826 map superimposed on modern aerial photo

Buildings from 1826 map superimposed on modern aerial photo

Tile Kiln Field
Tile Kiln Field